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College Student Binge Drinking and the "Prevention Paradox":
Implications for Prevention and Harm Reduction

 
Elissa R. Weitzman and Toben F. Nelson, Harvard School of Public Health
Journal of Drug Education; 34(3); 247-265; 2004. Posted: 2005-11-28. Modified: 2006-02-24.
[Identifier: http://www.doctordeluca.com/Library/AbstinenceHR/BingeAndPreventionParadox04.htm]
[Related resources: http://www.doctordeluca.com/Library/LibPages/AbsModAcademic-lib.htm]
 
See also:
Harm Reduction Approaches to Alcohol Use - Marlatt and Witkiewitz; Addictive Behaviors; 2002
Unhealthy Alcohol Use -Saitz;
New England Journal of Medicine; 352(6); 596-607; 2005-02-10
British Livers and British Alcohol Policy - Room; Lancet;
 367(9504); 10-11; 2006-01-07

 

[FULL TEXT of this Article in Adobe PDF format]

Abstract:

Considerable attention has been paid to heavy episodic or "binge" drinking among college youth in the United States. Despite widespread use, the binge measure is perceived by some as a low intervention threshold. We use data from the Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study (n = 49,163) to describe patterns of consumption and harms along a continuum including the binge measure to demonstrate the validity of the binge threshold and prevention paradox in college. While the heaviest drinkers are at greatest risk for harm, they are relatively few and generate proportionately small amounts of all drinking-harms. The risk of harms is not zero among lower level drinkers in college. Because they are numerous, they account for the majority of harms. This paradoxical pattern suggests we moderate consumption among the majority using environmental approaches, the efficacy of which are described using case study data from a national prevention demonstration. Implications for prevention policy, programming, and media advocacy are discussed.


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[FULL TEXT of this Article in Adobe PDF format]
 

 

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Originally posted: 2005-11-28

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